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Wednesday, May 21, 2014

Using Merge query in sql server

Using Merge query in sql server

Use [example]

Target Table

CREATE TABLE dbo.Customers
(
  custid      INT         NOT NULL,
  companyname VARCHAR(25) NOT NULL,
  phone       VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
  [address]     VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL,
  CONSTRAINT PK_Customers PRIMARY KEY(custid)
);
INSERT INTO dbo.Customers(custid, companyname, phone, address)
  VALUES
  (1, 'cust 1', '(111) 111-1111', 'address 1'),
  (2, 'cust 2', '(222) 222-2222', 'address 2'),
  (3, 'cust 3', '(333) 333-3333', 'address 3'),
  (4, 'cust 4', '(444) 444-4444', 'address 4'),
  (5, 'cust 5', '(555) 555-5555', 'address 5');

Source Table

CREATE TABLE dbo.CustomersStage
(
  custid      INT         NOT NULL,
  companyname VARCHAR(25) NOT NULL,
  phone       VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
  address     VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL,
  CONSTRAINT PK_CustomersStage PRIMARY KEY(custid)
);
INSERT INTO dbo.CustomersStage(custid, companyname, phone, address)
  VALUES
  (2, 'AAAAA', '(222) 222-2222', 'address 2'),
  (3, 'cust 3', '(333) 333-3333', 'address 3'),
  (5, 'BBBBB', 'CCCCC', 'DDDDD'),
  (6, 'cust 6 (new)', '(666) 666-6666', 'address 6'),
  (7, 'cust 7 (new)', '(777) 777-7777', 'address 7');

Using merge query

MERGE INTO dbo.Customers AS TGT
USING dbo.CustomersStage AS SRC
  ON TGT.custid = SRC.custid
WHEN MATCHED THEN
  UPDATE SET
    TGT.companyname = SRC.companyname,
    TGT.phone = SRC.phone,
    TGT.[address] = SRC.[address]
WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN
  INSERT (custid, companyname, phone, [address])
  VALUES (SRC.custid, SRC.companyname, SRC.phone, SRC.[address])
WHEN NOT MATCHED BY SOURCE THEN
  DELETE
OUTPUT
  $action, deleted.custid AS del_custid, inserted.custid AS ins_custid;
  select * from Customers
  select * from CustomersStage


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